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Oil and Petroleum Products Supply via Transneft System

Date of publication: 14 January 2022

Oil pipeline company Transneft has reviewed preliminary results for crude oil and petroleum products deliveries in 2021 and announced its plans for 2022.

Oil and Petroleum Products Supplies in 2021

Throughout 2021, while the global oil market kept stabilising and the restrictions on oil production in Russia eased, the volumes of oil and petroleum products transported over the Transneft system gradually recovered.

Crude Oil Supplies

The total volume of crude oil supplies over the system of Transneft oil trunk pipelines amounted to 449.7 million tonnes, up 1.7% against the levels of 2020.

The supplies to Russian refineries and inside the country went up 6.0% to 247.9 million tonnes, while export supplies to near- and far-abroad destinations went down 3.2% to 201.8 million tonnes.

As for the oil export breakdown, supplies to far-abroad destinations decreased by 2.1% to 190.1 million tonnes, whereas supplies to near-abroad destinations decreased by 18.2% or 2.6 million tonnes.

As to the total supplies of crude oil to far-abroad destinations, Russian oil accounted for 91.7% (174.3 million tonnes), while the oil from Kazakstan, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan accounted for 8.3% (15.8 million tonnes).

In the breakdown of exports to countries beyond CIS we see a significant increase in deliveries via seaports (by 5.1%) with a simultaneous decrease in cross-border pipeline deliveries (by 11.1%).

The steady dynamics of export via seaports is caused above all by burgeoning supplies via the port of Primorsk and Kozmino, which increased by 9.3% and 6.7%, accordingly. Supplies via Novorossiysk dropped by 4.4% or by 3.1 million tonnes.

The pipeline export of crude oil to China remained at the level of 2020, i.e. 40 million tonnes.

In 2021, the supplies to CIS markets stood at 11.7 million tonnes of crude oil, including 10.7 million tonnes to the refineries of Belarus and 998.9 thousand tonnes to the refineries of Kazakhstan.

Petroleum Products Supply

In 2021, the volume of petroleum products transported via Transneft’s trunk oil pipeline system increased by 2.9% year-on-year to 38.9 million tonnes.

The increase in petroleum product transportation volumes was due to the recovery of oil refining in Russia and growing supplies of aviation kerosene and motor petrol to the domestic market via Transneft's system.

  • In 2021, aviation kerosene supplies increased by 35.3% or 0.6 million tonnes to 2.3 million tonnes.
  • The motor petrol supplies rose 15.8% or by 0.3 million tonnes to 2.2 million tonnes.

Diesel fuel still dominates in the commodity structure of transported petroleum products, accounting for 88.4% of total petroleum product deliveries via the Transneft system.

In 2021, the diesel fuel supply volumes stood at 34.4 million tonnes, up 0.6% (or 0.2 million tonnes) year-on-year. The increase in diesel fuel transportation volumes was partly due to the completion of an investment project in early 2021 to increase petroleum product transportation volumes from the port of Primorsk to the port of Vysotsk to 3.5 million tonnes per year.

The volumes of diesel fuel export via seaports stood at 24.3 million tonnes, up 5.2% year-on-year. The port of Primorsk carried out the main bulk of export - 16.7 million tonnes (+3.7% year-on-year).  Motor petrol and aviation kerosene were fully supplied to the domestic market via the Transneft system.

Plans for 2022

Crude Oil Supplies

The volumes of crude oil transported via the Transneft system in 2022 will mainly depend on the dynamics of global oil market recovery, the pace of mitigation and removal of remaining oil production restrictions in Russia and on the recovery of oil production by Russian companies.

In 2022, the supply of crude oil via the Transneft oil trunk pipeline system, based on consignors’ requests, is planned at the level of 458.4 million tonnes.

That said, the supplies to national refineries and inside the country will account for the main bulk of crude oil supplies – 253.8 million tonnes or 55.4% of total oil transportation volume.

Deliveries to far-abroad countries are planned at the level of 194.5 million tonnes.

As for crude oil supplies to far-abroad markets, the plan calls for delivering the main bulk - 56% or 109 million tonnes – via seaports.

Cross-border supplies over pipelines will account for 44% of the planned volume of supplies to far-abroad markets, or 85.5 million tonnes. Supplies to China are planned at the level of 40.0 million tonnes.

The plan calls for the supply of 10 million tonnes of crude oil to near-abroad markets, including 9 million tonnes to the refineries of Belarus and 1 million tonnes to the refineries of Kazakhstan.

Petroleum Products Supplies

In 2022, the transportation of petroleum products over the Transneft petroleum products trunk pipeline system, based on shippers’ requests, is planned at the level of 36.3 million tonnes, including: 32.1 million tonnes of diesel fuel, 2.4 million tonnes of aviation kerosene, 1.9 million tonnes of motor petrol.

Oil and petroleum products supply volumes, as well as their distribution by destination can be adjusted during the year at the request of oil companies, depending on the market conditions and the availability of technical capabilities for transportation.

Transneft Press Service
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