Transneft has shipped one billion tonnes of liquid hydrocarbons (oil and diesel) for export via Transneft Primorsk Port since the first tanker was loaded in 2001. The billionth tonne of crude was loaded on 23 November 2018 onto the Mastera tanker heading for the port of Porvoo (Finland).
As of 23 November 2018, the amount of oil shipped since the port of Primorsk began operating stood at 901.2 million tonnes (9,099 tankers handled); the amount of diesel stood at 98.8 million tonnes (3,361 tankers handled). Thus, the total of 12,460 tankers have been handled and 1.0 billion tonnes of crude oil and petroleum products have been loaded.
The port of Primorsk lies on the shore of the Bjorkosund Strait in the Gulf of Finland, Leningrad Region, covering the area of 214 hectares, being the terminal point for BPS I oil trunk pipeline (BPS I is operated by Transneft Baltic) and the Sever petroleum products pipelines project.
The oil shipping capacity of the port of Primorsk is 60 million tonnes a year; its petroleum products shipping capacity stands at 25.0 million tonnes a year. In 2017, 43.9 million tonnes of crude were loaded onto tankers in addition to 13.6 million tonnes of petroleum products. In 2018, the plan calls for shipping 37.7 million tonnes of oil and 15.0 million tonnes of petroleum products.
Creating an oil loading port on the Russian shore of the Baltic Sea was decided on by the Russian Government (Directive No. 728-р of 28.04.1993) in view of the need to diversify crude oil export flows. A ceremony to mark the beginning of construction of the Baltic Pipeline System (BPS) took place at the future territory of the port of Primorsk on 31 March 2000.
The BPS (later renamed as BPS I) opened an export route via the port of Primorsk for crude oil produced in the Timan-Pechora region, Western Siberia and the Volga-Urals region. The first tonne of crude was loaded at the port of Primorsk on 27 December 2001 onto Petrokrepost tanker in the presence of the Russian President Vladimir Putin.
The year 2008 saw the commissioning of the Vtorovo – Yaroslavl – Kirishi – Primorsk petroleum products pipeline ensuring export of light petroleum products to European markets (the Sever Project). The first tanker was loaded with petroleum products in May 2008. In 2017, Transneft completed the Sever-25 project, having ramped up the technical capability of exporting Euro-5 diesel via the port of Primorsk from 8.5 to 25 million tonnes a year.
To ship crude oil, the port handles Aframax tankers with up to 120,000 tonnes of deadweight and Suezmax tankers up to 150,000 tonnes of deadweight. Petroleum products are loaded onto tankers with deadweight ranging from 22,000 to 100,000 tonnes (Seawaymax, Panamax and Aframax classes). The terminal transships the largest amount of crude oil and petroleum products among the ports of the North-West Russia.
The billionth tonne loading ceremony was attended by the Deputy Vice-President of Transneft Vladimir Nazarov, the Director General of Transneft Baltic Vladimir Radov and the Director General of Transport Primorsk Port Maksim Kudinov.
Transneft Primorsk Port
To transship crude oil via the port of Primorsk, the capacity of Oil Depot No.1 (oil) is used: a tank farm (oil acceptance and storage containers – 14 tanks), a system of process pipelines with gate valve units, two oil loading pumping stations, three simultaneous loading berths with total capacity standing at 30,000 m3/h, five oil quality and quantity metering units, an oil quality control chemical analysis laboratory, treatment facilities and an environmental analysis laboratory, a firehouse, four freight berths with the total length reaching 1,350 m as well as an integrated automatic firefighting system.
The following facilities are used to transship petroleum products via the port of Primorsk:
- the capacity of Oil Depot No.2 (petroleum products); a tank farm with 13 tanks; a pumping station for shipping petroleum products equipped with four pumping units having the capacity of 2 x 1,250 m3/h and 2 x 3,600 m3/h; a complex of treatment facilities; a gas-driven power station with four gas generator sets having the total capacity of 5.6 MW and LNG storage tanks with total capacity of 110 tonnes (5x22); two freight berths: the 353 m long berth No.8 and the 334 m long berth No.9; four petroleum products quantity and quality measuring units; a petroleum products quality control chemical analysis laboratory;
- the capacity of Oil Depot No.1: a tank farm of four tanks, a system of process pipelines with gate valve units; two freight berths (No.3 and No.4) for loading crude oil and petroleum products; three petroleum product quantity and quality measuring units.
Transneft Baltic is a Transneft subsidiary founded on 13 September 2000 for the purpose of building and subsequently operating the existing oil and petroleum products trunk pipelines which are part of the Baltic Pipeline System.
Transneft Baltic organises and ensures transportation of crude oil and petroleum products via the system of trunk pipelines to then export them from the ports of Primorsk and Ust-Luga, as well as to deliver them to refineries in Russia and to domestic consumers.
The cluster of Transneft Baltic’s operational facilities consists of: 3,412 km of oil trunk pipelines (calculated as a single line) with their diameters ranging from 720 to 1,020 mm; 1,820 km of petroleum products trunk pipelines with diameters varying between 325, 530 and 720 mm; 36 oil and petroleum products pumping stations; a tank farm. The pipelines have underwater crossings, including those under such big rivers as the Volga, Dnieper, Dvina, Neva and Volkhov.
The Company’s central office is located in the city of St. Petersburg. The Company has five branches: the Novgorod, Yaroslavl and Leningrad regional pipeline directorates, Ust-Luga Oil Depot as well as a base of production, technical maintenance and equipment procurement.